Warsaw – the capital of Poland is also the largest city in the country and is situated in the middle course of the Vistula (Wisla) river. Although settled in the 10th century, the Old Town was established in the 14th & 15th centuries. In the 16th century Warsaw was frequently the meeting place of the Polish Parliament, and through centuries has been the residence of many Polish kings. Plundered and destroyed by enemies, Warsaw was always rising from the ruins. During World War II 87% of city’s buildings were destroyed. Some museums remained almost untouched while the others were bombed to the ground.
Visit the Castle Square where you can see the first non-ecclesiastic statue in Warsaw King Sigismund’s Column, and the originally Gothic castle dating from the 15th century and which expanded throughout the centuries. Its history goes back to the 14th century, when wooden stronghold was erected and later rebuilt in brick. It was here in 1791 where the 3rd May Constitution was promulgated, the second constitution in the world, after the American constitution. It was a seat of king and the parliament, then served to tsars for 100 years and in 1918 it became the residence of the president of Poland. After the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, the Castle was blown up by the Nazis and virtually nothing was left. It was not until 1971 that reconstruction works began, and by 1984 the splendid Baroque Castle stood again as if nothing had happened. It is now a museum and some of its 300 rooms can be visited. All the interiors have been carefully restored and look like it was centuries ago. You can see the Canaletto Room with paintings of his, the Throne Room, magnificent Knight’s Hall with large paintings by Marcello Bacciarelli, the Marble room with portraits of Polish kings, and the largest and most impressive of all the castle’s chambers the Ballroom.
See St. John’s Cathedral and walk through the Market Square. Afterwards you will pass the late-Gothic structure by John Baptist of Venice. The New Town Market you can see the Church and Monastery of Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament and the house where Maria Sklodowska-Curie (Madame Curie) was born. At the Krasinski Place, we will stop by the Monument of Warsaw’s Uprising and drive to see the Ghetto Memorial. Afterwards, we will drive via Royal Route with its aristocratic residences, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, the building of Warsaw’s Grand Opera and the National Theatre House erected by Antonio Corazzi and the Baroque church erected in the 17th century where is the urn with ashes of Frederic Chopin’s heart brought from Paris and placed here. We drive to the Royal Lazienki Park where we will visit the Palace on the Isle.
The Royal Lazienki Park is the largest park in Warsaw, occupying 76 hectares of the city centre. The park-and-palace complex lies in Warsaw's central district, which is part of the "Royal Route" linking the Royal Castle with Wilanów Palace to the south. Originally designed in the 17th century as a baths park (hence the name) for nobleman Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski, in the 18th century Lazienki was transformed by Poland's King Stanisław August into a setting for palaces, villas, classicist follies, and monuments. In 1918 it was officially designated a public park. Lazienki is visited by tourists from all over Poland and the world, and serves as a venue for music, the arts, and culture.
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